FITNESS

Ichthyosis Vulgaris: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis Ichthyosis Vulgaris: Causes, Symptoms, and Diagnosis
What is ichthyosis vulgaris?Ichthyosis vulgaris is an inherited or acquired skin condition that occurs when the skin doesn’t shed its dead skin cells. This causes dry, dead skin cells to accumulate in patches on the surface of the skin. It’s also known as “fish scale disease” because the dead skin accumulates in a similar pattern to a fish’s scales. The majority of cases are mild and co
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What to Do When You’re Tired of Type 2 Diabetes What to Do When You’re Tired of Type 2 Diabetes
Looking back on the nine years since my diagnosis, life with type 2 diabetes (T2D) hasn’t exactly been a smooth road.When I was diagnosed, my A1c was through the roof — above 13 percent! Over the 18 months that followed, I managed to reduce my A1c by nearly half with medication, diet, and exercise. At that point, I was confident life with type 2 diabetes would be manageable.But, as they say, l
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Goodpasture Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Goodpasture Syndrome: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
What is Goodpasture syndrome?Goodpasture syndrome is a rare and potentially life-threatening autoimmune disease. It causes buildup of autoimmune proteins in the kidneys and lungs that leads to damage of these organs. The disorder is named after Dr. Ernest Goodpasture, who first identified the syndrome in 1919. It’s estimated to occur in 1 out of 1 million people per year.Without prompt diagnosi
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Chronic Respiratory Failure: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis Chronic Respiratory Failure: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis
What is chronic respiratory failure?Respiratory failure can happen when your respiratory system is unable to remove enough carbon dioxide from the blood, causing it to build up in your body. The condition can also develop when your respiratory system can’t take in enough oxygen, leading to dangerously low levels of oxygen in your blood.Respiratory failure may be acute or chronic. Acute respirat
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Why You Should Let Your Kids Eat ‘Garbage’ Why You Should Let Your Kids Eat ‘Garbage’
Parents who peer into my pantry may be shocked to see a shelf filled with candy, like Milky Ways, Almond Joys, and gummy bears. Unlike most parents, I rarely limit my daughter’s intake of sweets. Nor do I demand that she steer clear of the treat section of the cupboard. While some people may think I’m creating a junk food addict, my parenting practices are based on scientific research.It sound
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What Does the Liver Do? Functions, Structures, Regeneration, Diseases What Does the Liver Do? Functions, Structures, Regeneration, Diseases
What is the liver?Your liver is your body’s largest solid organ. On average, it weighs around 3 pounds in adulthood and is roughly the size of a football. This organ is vital to the body’s metabolic, detoxification, and immune system functions. Without a functioning liver, a person cannot survive.The liver’s position is mostly in the right upper portion of the abdomen, just below the diaphr
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Hyperpigmentation from Acne: 10 Treatments, OTC Products, and More Hyperpigmentation from Acne: 10 Treatments, OTC Products, and More
What you can doAcne-related hyperpigmentation occurs when dark patches develop after a blemish has healed. Although hyperpigmentation is harmless, it can be frustrating to deal with.If you’re experiencing acne-related hyperpigmentation, you aren’t alone. Talk to your dermatologist about your options for over-the-counter (OTC) and professional treatment.The exact treatment you choose will depe
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Smiling Depression: Symptoms, Risk Factors, Test, Treatments, and More Smiling Depression: Symptoms, Risk Factors, Test, Treatments, and More
What is smiling depression?Usually, depression is associated with sadness, lethargy, and despair — someone who can’t make it out of bed. Though someone experiencing depression can undoubtedly feel these things, how depression presents itself can vary from person to person.“Smiling depression” is a term for someone living with depression on the inside while appearing perfectly happy or con
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How to Get Rid of Puffy Nipples in Men: Exercise, Diet, and Surgery How to Get Rid of Puffy Nipples in Men: Exercise, Diet, and Surgery
OverviewPuffy nipples in men are fairly common. They’re the result of enlarged breast glands.This may be due to:low testosterone levelsgynecomastiasteroid useexcess fatYou may be able to minimize puffiness by making changes to your diet and exercise routine. This can help reduce body fat and strengthen your chest. If diet and exercise aren’t effective, surgery may be necessary to achieve your
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Shingles and HIV: What You Should Know Shingles and HIV: What You Should Know
OverviewThe varicella-zoster virus is a type of herpes virus that causes chickenpox (varicella) and shingles (zoster). Anyone who contracts the virus will experience chickenpox, with shingles possibly occurring decades later. Only people who’ve had chickenpox can develop shingles.The risk of getting shingles increases as we get older, especially after age 50. Part of the reason for this is that
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