At the Fertility Support Center, the couple wants to intervene to have a healthy baby in the next pregnancy.
Doctor Nguyen Thi Nha, Director of the Fertility Support Center, appoints a patient for Karyotyping test. The results showed that she has two chromosomes number 21 plugged together. This is the most common chromosomal abnormality, in one in 700 cases, will give birth to a down disease.
Children with down disease often have low mental, intellectual and intelligence delays.
"With this abnormality, the mother will give birth to a baby with an abnormality of chromosome 21 that leads to down disease", Dr. Nha emphasized.
In order to have a healthy baby, a woman must apply for eggs and undergo in vitro fertilization because she cannot deliver a healthy baby with her own eggs.
In addition to the necessary tests, the patient is examined and has an ultrasound to check the comprehensive health, helping to have a healthy pregnancy. Ảnh: Bệnh viện cung cấp
Karyotyping is one of the first genetic tests to help doctors find the cause of infertility, miscarriage or recurrent pregnancy. Among them, chromosomal abnormality is the most common cause. This is also the cause of natural pregnancy loss and birth defects in many babies. From there, the doctor can choose the appropriate options and the best interventions for the patient.
"With the cost of implementation is not too expensive and only need to be done once, everyone will be supported with accurate diagnosis of reproductive health status as well as early treatment direction to avoid costly when detected late", insisted.
Karyotyping is indicated for testing in many different cases.
For prenatal diagnosis, karyotyping test for mothers over 35 years old, fetal ultrasound images are abnormal. High-risk maternal serum screening or parent with a previous diagnosis of chromosomal abnormality.
For postpartum diagnosis, the test is done in a person with a history of miscarriage or stillbirth; Primary amenorrhea, a family history of chromosomal abnormalities. Primary or secondary infertility in both men and women or in cases of cancer such as neuroblastoma, chronic myelogenous leukemia ...
Karyotyping test results will help early detection of a child with down syndrome; Patau syndrome causes birth defects, Klinefelter syndrome makes testicles small and infertile ... or some other birth defects.
After the test, patients will be counseled for fertilization, egg application or intervention to have a healthy pregnancy in the next pregnancy.
Couples preparing to marry premarital screening should also perform a karyotyping test to detect chromosomal abnormalities, prevent birth defects in future children.