Meningitis, a dangerous disease during the seasons

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Specialist doctor I Nguyen Cat Phuong Vu, Department of Active Rehabilitation - Anti-poisoning, Children's Hospital City, Ho Chi Minh City, said that just saved the life of a one-year-old boy, from Ben Tre, with meningitis.

At the end of August, the baby had a high fever continuously, convulsions all over the body, drowsiness, was taken to the local hospital by his family, the doctor could not identify the medical condition clearly. When she moved to the City Children's Hospital, she was in a coma due to cerebral edema. The emergency team immediately gave the baby mechanical ventilation, anti-edema, CT scan results eliminated intracranial complications.

The doctor checked the cerebrospinal fluid, discovered that the baby's cerebrospinal fluid was cloudy like young coconut water, the amount of protein increased 4-5 times higher in normal children, the white blood cells filled the cerebrospinal fluid. The doctor judged that the child had meningitis, an extremely critical condition.

"The neurological symptoms started early and were loud. The critical pediatric patient has a rapid prognosis of death if not handled in time", Dr. Vu recalled.

The baby is given a special antibiotic that can penetrate the meninges at a higher dose than normal. At the same time, the baby has to take a long intravenous infusion, monitor nerve markers, scan CT scans periodically. After nearly two weeks of intensive treatment, the baby was awake, the pus in the cerebrospinal fluid disappeared. Babies get to know people, move their hands and feet flexibly, stop breathing machines.

The boy was healthy again, happily after two strong weeks of battling meningitis. Photo: Ngoc Thai.

The boy was healthy again, happily after two strong weeks of battling meningitis. Ảnh: Ngọc Thái.

Dr. Vu recommends that the South is in the period of changing seasons, hot weather alternating with heavy rain, families with young children need to be wary of meningitis. This is a very serious disease that requires emergency treatment.

Meningitis is a condition in which bacteria invade the meninges, causing inflammation and pus. They damage the nervous system, can cause death or leave sequelae such as deafness, blindness, epilepsy, weak limbs or mental retardation ...

Many parents take the signs lightly, taking their children to the doctor late. In particular, the self-use of antibiotics makes the child's illness worse.

"60-80% of children admitted to hospital have been arbitrarily given antibiotics by their parents," said Dr. Vu.

Using antibiotics in a bluff is the reason why resistance is getting worse. The initial manifestations of the disease are therefore also obscured or have more complex symptoms that are difficult to recognize, making it difficult to treat, and easily misdiagnosed to another disease.

Signs of meningitis are fever, loss of appetite, poor feeding, digestive disorders such as diarrhea or vomiting, cough, runny nose ... This expression is very difficult to distinguish from other diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to closely monitor, bring the child to the hospital for examination, accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment.

"Parents absolutely do not arbitrarily use any drugs, but need to quickly bring their children to medical facilities if their children show abnormal signs. The more delay, the shorter their chances of healthy living", Dr. Vu emphasized.

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