Bác sĩ Trương Văn Thế, Khoa Nhi, Bệnh viện Sản Nhi Quảng Ninh, cho biết mùa đông, trẻ rất hay mắc các bệnh về đường hô hấp. In particular, children with pre-existing chronic diseases such as chronic bronchitis, congenital or acquired immunodeficiency, children with chronic malnutrition, children with congenital cardiovascular diseases ... often have more severe respiratory disease and are more susceptible to serious complications than normal children.
The doctor explained that the weather in the middle of winter, the low temperature, is favorable for the development of respiratory pathogens, especially viruses. On the other hand, human resistance, especially the "natural protective barriers" in the respiratory tract mucosa, is very vulnerable. Due to the cold weather, people often gather in closed rooms, creating favorable conditions for the spread of the disease. Rhinitis, throat is one of the common respiratory diseases in children and adults when it is cold.
Thời tiết với khí hậu lạnh ẩm, trẻ cũng rất dễ mắc bệnh về đường tiêu hóa, thường gặp nhất là bệnh tiêu chảy. Diarrhea can be normal diarrhea, children have loose or loose stools 1-2 times compared to normal, or can also have acute diarrhea, children with watery stools more than 3 times in 24 hours.. Acute diarrhea can be caused by bacteria, by fungi, by parasites or by a group of intestinal viruses, especially with a virus. This disease accounts for the highest proportion of all types of cold season diarrhea among children.
Doctors said, diarrhea caused by the virus virus can be found all year round, but the most common is still winter - spring. The disease is common in children under 2 years old, easily causing epidemic fluid, if not detected and handled in time can be dangerous to young children.
Vào mùa đông - xuân, nhất là vào dịp Tết cổ truyền cận kề, tình trạng ngộ độc thức ăn cũng rất phổ biến ở trẻ em. The doctor believes that this is a dangerous disease, the main cause is due to the fact that the cooking does not ensure food hygiene and safety or improper storage of processed food has made users ill. poisonous, especially children.
Ngoài ra, một số bệnh về da của trẻ cũng dễ xuất hiện, tái phát nhiều lần như bệnh chàm (còn gọi là Eczema), nổi mày đay... Đây là những căn bệnh gây rất nhiều phiền toái cho trẻ như gây ngứa child snoring, uncomfortable or fussy and scratching a lot of itch cause bleeding, very easily infected skin.
Family members take care of pediatric patients at Bach Mai Hospital. Ảnh: Chi Lê.
According to the doctor, some situations need to bring the child to the doctor immediately. Children under 2 months of age have a fever of over 38.5 degrees C for more than 2 days but still do not decrease; the child is drowsy, sleepy or has difficulty waking up; The child is feeding poorly, the child stops feeding or stops eating. Children with acute respiratory infections, after 2 days of intensive care at home, still do not get better with signs of rapid breathing, tired breathing or difficulty breathing. Children with diarrhea suddenly have a very high fever of 39-40 degrees Celsius, with viscous or bloody stools.
The child has fever with symptoms such as vomiting everything, complaining of severe abdominal pain; children with signs of bleeding such as red spots on the skin, nosebleeds, bleeding gums, vomiting blood, passing black stools like coffee grounds or those with dull, cyanotic, cold hands and feet, a child with seizures; young children with a bulging anterior cone (evil beak); Children with signs of stiff neck ... should also be examined immediately.
Ensuring a reasonable diet for children in cold winter days, helping children increase their resistance, parents should feed them warm foods to help keep their body temperature stable. In addition, it is necessary to create a fresh, clean and well-ventilated living environment, limit the use of fans, air conditioners, avoid dust, indoor cigarette smoke, and industrial smoke.
Encourage children to practice proper hand washing, daily routine to eliminate dangerous pathogens that spread through hand - mouth.
Keep the child's body warm when the weather turns cold, especially those with a history of allergies and asthma with very simple measures such as: wearing more warm clothes, wearing more socks, wearing a wool hat or swaddle. add warm blankets for the baby. In particular, well implement the full immunization of vaccines for children by age to have the most active and effective prevention of the disease.