Doctor Nguyen Thi Diem Ha, Department of Emergency, Ho Chi Minh City University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, said that the cause of food poisoning in the hot season is often due to the use of processed foods, non-preserved foods. properly, causing the food to become contaminated, contaminated or degraded. Because when the weather is hot, it will create conditions for bacteria to multiply more. In addition, it is also very dangerous to choose foods that are not fresh, contain pathogens, and then freeze them for use.
According to Dr. Ha, food poisoning agents can be caused by toxins of bacteria, most commonly Salmonella, E.Coli, due to viral or parasitic infections. In addition, it can be caused by food poisoning with chemicals, natural toxins available in food or by spoiled or degenerated food producing toxins. Depending on the agent, there will be symptoms of stomach, intestines, nerves or other symptoms.
"If the poisoning is mild, the body will be dehydrated and tired. In severe cases, it can cause shock, damage to organs and even death", said Dr. Ha.
The early signs of food poisoning include nausea, repeated vomiting or constant vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody bowel movements, fever. Also, if you experience thirst, dry mouth, muscle cramps, dizziness, dark yellow urine, little or no urinating for several hours, this is a sign that you are severely dehydrated.
When the disease progresses, there will be symptoms such as loose stools 6 times a day, fever over 38.5 degrees does not decrease, vomiting or bloody bowel ...
Hot weather easily rancid food, so it should be used immediately or stored properly. Photo: Quynh Tran
Doctor Tong Minh Nhut, Deputy Head of General Internal Medicine Department, Xuyen A General Hospital of Vinh Long, said that when detecting signs of food poisoning, patients need to induce vomiting, if they cannot vomit on their own. The patient vomits as much as possible, to limit the absorption of toxins into the bloodstream through the gastrointestinal tract. The process of inducing vomiting should pay attention to the patient lying head high, tilted to one side. This is to avoid the vomit of vomit into the respiratory tract, causing poisoning to worsen.
After that, give the patient plenty of fluids. Drinking water is coconut water, cooled boiled water, spring water, porridge or oresol solution. Supplementing with water will help replace the body water lost due to diarrhea and vomiting. Finally, call an ambulance or bring the patient to the nearest medical facility for timely treatment. In addition, family members should take food samples that are suspected of causing poisoning, along with food labels. Medical experts will conduct tests to find out the cause of the poisoning.
Doctor Ha recommends that in order to limit the risk of food poisoning in the hot season, users should choose fresh and fresh foods that have been tested for safety and hygiene. For processed foods, choose to buy places that are reputable, reliable, hygienic, and have a shelf life. Food should be stored at the right temperature to prevent bacterial growth. Meats, fish and seafood should be stored in the freezer.
"Use food within 2 hours, preferably when it is still hot, if it is left for more than 2 hours, it should be refrigerated and reheated before eating. After using it, this is the most common cause of food poisoning, "said Dr. Ha.
In addition, doctors advise to pay attention to hygiene when handling food. Wash hands thoroughly before handling food and after other activities interrupt. Keep the kitchen always dry and clean, regularly wash hand towels, dish towels and thoroughly sanitize cooking utensils, ovens, microwaves ...